Most folks think of transportation fuels when they think of crude oil, and probably heating or cooking when they think of natural gas. But petroleum is used for a whole lot more than gasoline and home utilities.

There are more than 6,000 everyday products refined from natural gas and crude oil, including electronics, paint, cosmetics, synthetic fabrics and medicines. In fact, a 42-gallon barrel of crude oil is typically used to make 19.4 gallons of gasoline, while the rest is used to make petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt, just to name a few. Natural gas liquids are also used to make plastics and myriad of other modern items. One of the most common natural gas liquids is ethane. Ethane is heated to 1,500 degrees at facilities known as “cracker” plants. The process “cracks” ethane into new molecules that create a substance known as ethylene. Ethylene is transported, most commonly by pipeline, to a different facility for a process known as polymerization. This process converts ethylene from a gaseous form to a resin, which can then be engineered and molded into plastic products.

Americans use an average of 20 million barrels of petroleum products each day, and the average U.S. citizen uses three gallons of refined petroleum products a day. But not only are petroleum products widely used, they are absolutely essential. As the following Energy In Depth infographic illustrates, petroleum-based products –including artificial hearts, pacemakers and various modern hospital equipment – are used by the healthcare industry to literally save lives.

It has been estimated that the average emergency room has 90 products derived from petroleum and natural gas. Face masks, gloves, scrubs, IV tubes, sterilization trays, monitors and ventilators are all made of petroleum or include petroleum products, while 80-90 percent of pharmaceuticals are made of petroleum. Personal hygiene products such as soap, detergents, antiseptics and disinfectants used to keep healthcare facilities sanitary are all derived from oil and natural gas.

These are just a few reasons why the “Keep It In the Ground” movement’s claims that we can do away with the oil and natural gas industry is so incredibly inaccurate.